Flu and pet vaccinations

flu

In January 2004, on a trail heap in Florida, he mysteriously fell ill. All had signs of respiratory failure: cough, fever, and runny nose. Symptoms can easily be mistaken for “late cough”, an illness caused by the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica.

But it soon became apparent that this group of dogs did not suffer from a simple breeder’s cough. A total of 8 of the 24 infected dogs eventually died, and the researchers pleaded guilty.

What they found is not some new disease. It was the flu. Veterinary scientists have discovered that dogs are infected with the equine influenza A virus – influenza comes from horses.

The hippodrome, where the dogs fell ill, also hosted races. This particular strain of influenza, H3N8, appears to have been infected by a new carrier type.

The ability of the flu to do this is not uncommon. It is known to exist in many different variations across species, including birds, pigs, and humans.

However, this case was the first time influenza had been isolated in dogs. Dogs were often thought to be immune or resistant to the flu, but this is not the case.

This outbreak, the first known of its kind, eventually spread to greyhounds in nine different states. from 2004 to 2006, Canine Flu has since spread across the United States, decaying sporadically year after year.

In 2018, canine flu seems to have reared its head again, with over 100 cases reported in Michigan. nearby Wisconsin has also reported recent cases involving several states on the east coast, including Massachusetts, Virginia, and Connecticut.

These are the collected headlines from the trade union media at the national level that talk about it. a mysterious, highly contagious disease is spreading, feeding on the fear of a new canine epidemic.

 “It’s not much worse than it’s ever been before. AVMA wants to make sure pet owners understand that there is nothing to panic about right now. From time to time we see outbreaks like these outbreaks.”

American Veterinary Medical Association

 “It’s not much worse than it’s ever been before. AVMA wants to make sure pet owners understand that there is nothing to panic about right now. From time to time we see outbreaks like these outbreaks.”

Also, you can be sure that yes, canine flu is highly contagious and rarely fatal. The mortality rate is estimated to be less than 10 percent and only in young puppies, older dogs, or dogs with suppressed immune systems.

However, this is a real disease and owners should be informed about it.

The current epidemics are mostly limited to a few geographic areas in the United States.

The School of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University even created a canine flu control card to monitor for the presence of diseases.

Canine flu symptoms

Canine flu symptoms include cough, fever, runny nose, lethargy, and lack of appetite, although individual symptoms may vary from dog to dog.

It is spread by feces and airborne particles from the respiratory tract, which means that coughs and sneezes will expand them, as well as dog-to-nose contact.

Canine flu has been found to be not as seasonal as human flu, although time can play a role in its spread.

“It seems to become more of a problem in the spring when dogs go to dog parks and people travel and dogs go to breeders. Because it’s highly contagious,” said Pamela Greenwald, MD, Michigan veterinarian, and state official. Medical Association.

Greenwald noted that people who travel with dogs during the summer can also spread canine flu to areas that would otherwise not have spread.

“I think most epidemics tend to start in cities and suburbs because there are so many more contacts,” she said.

Developing virus

In 2015, Chicago was the site of the worst canine flu epidemic since its discovery ten years earlier. More than 1,000 cases were then reported as illnesses.

The outflow also marked a new development of canine influenza. A new strain has emerged.

While the initial cases of snoring in 2004 were linked to H3N8, an outbreak of H3N2, a type of bird flu that had already been announced to be circulating in dogs in South Korea, was found with the Chicago strain.

Again, a strain of influenza, this time avian, spread to dogs.

A year later, in 2016, H3N2 was found to have created another species. infected cats at an animal shelter in Indiana.

The spread of canine influenza to and against different species has triggered a potentially serious epidemic if it can infect humans.

But let’s be clear: there has never been a case of a person getting sick with canine flu, and here it is. there is no evidence that it can be transmitted to humans. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention considers canine flu a “low threat to humans.”

However, that doesn’t mean the idea isn’t worrisome.

So far, they haven’t seen any evidence of the mutation, but how contagious can it be and how quickly can it spread? Greenwald said.

According to The Humane Society’s current estimate, there are about 90 million domestic dogs now living in the United States, or about 1.5 dogs per family. Understanding man’s best friend, an animal so close and dear to so many and carrying a highly contagious disease, is understandably unsettling.

To make matters worse, some researchers point to dogs as a potential “mixing vessel” for the flu. For example, the flu does not spread easily between all species, from humans to birds and vice versa. But some species, so-called “mixing bowls,” can contain a wide variety of flu forms.

This could cause the influenza virus to replace the genetic information and create new forms of the virus with pandemic potential.

The deadly strain of “swine flu” H1N1 that caused the 2009 global pandemic that killed hundreds of thousands of people is a combination of avian.

For now, however, the idea of ​​canine flu spreading among humans is just a guess.

Canine Flu Vaccination and Treatment

Treatment options for canine flu are effective. In fact, there is a canine flu vaccine for every strain. A bivalent version is also available, which means yes protects against both strains.

The canine flu vaccine is generally considered safe and effective, but it’s still brand new and experts say it’s not right for every dog. The vaccine is considered a “live vaccine”, meaning whether or not you need a dog depends on several factors.

“If the dogs don’t leave the house, don’t come into contact with other dogs, I don’t know if this is necessary. until we know what’s going on with this virus, Greenwald said.

Some kennels now require dogs to be vaccinated before being placed there. Even if it’s not necessary, a vaccine might be a good idea, simply because placing lots of dogs in close proximity can be considered a place to spread the flu.

And if your dog really needs to get the flu, look out for respiratory symptoms and have them diagnosed by a veterinarian. The disease is highly contagious, so be sure to isolate the animal from other dogs and pets.

Caring for a dog with the flu is similar to caring for an infected person: just drink plenty of fluids and rest.

In some cases, antibiotics are also used if there is concern about possible bacterial contamination.

In most cases, dogs with influenza usually recover completely in two to three weeks.

“Dogs with basic supportive care recover from it in the same way that many people can recover from a cold or a mild form of the flu that people can deal with in the winter,” de Jong said.

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